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Analysis of the Ethical Ideologies Behind Utilitarianism, Deontology, and Moral Relativism The same term may also be used to refer to multiple ideologies and that is why political scientists try to find consensus definitions for these terms. Lozano and Escrich , for example, argue for the preferableness of the ideology of respect compared with the ideology of tolerance in order to cope with diversity in business; Greenwood and Van Buren III detail the consequences of unitarism in human resource management (HRM) on the understanding of the employer–employee relationship and favor pluralism in HRM; Martineau et al. capitalism or socialism). "The heritability of partisan attachment". In social studies, a political ideology is a certain set of ethical ideals, principles, doctrines, myths or symbols of a social movement, institution, class or large group that explains how society should work and offers some political and cultural blueprint for a certain social order. It also requires the avoidance of vices like greed, jealousy, and selfishness. The meaning of a political label can also differ between countries and political parties often subscribe to a combination of ideologies. "Genetics and the development of social attitudes". The following list is strictly alphabetical and attempts to divide the ideologies found in practical political life into a number of groups, with each group containing ideologies that are related to each other. In fact, for centuries, philosophers have come up with theoretical ways of telling right from wrong and for giving guidelines about how to live and act ethically. Doing the right thing means abiding by the agreements that the members of a rational society would choose. Adam Potthast, PhD, is an assistant professor of philosophy at Missouri University of Science and Technology. Living an ethical life, or acting rightly, requires... Utilitarianism holds that the amount of happiness and suffering created by a person’s actions is what really matters. Contract theory proposes thinking about ethics in terms of agreements between people. "The genetics of voting: An Australian twin study". Hatemi, P. K.; Medland, S. E.; Morley, K. I.; Heath, A. C.; Martin, N. G. (2007). [1], Political ideology is a term fraught with problems, having been called "the most elusive concept in the whole of social science". There are several studies that show that political ideology is heritable within families.[3][4][5][6][7]. Further, we explored the degree to which physicians and psychologists report being influenced by a variety of factors (e.g., family views) in their ethical decision making. A political ideology largely concerns itself with how to allocate power and to what ends it should be used. The ethical ideologies of psychologists (who provide health services) and physicians were compared using the Ethics Position Questionnaire. … The names of the headers do not necessarily imply some hierarchical order or that one ideology evolved out of the other. Ethical theory serves as the foundation for ethical solutions to the difficult situations people encounter in life. The headers refer to names of the best-known ideologies in … As a result, acting rightly involves building, strengthening, and maintaining strong relationships. The following list is strictly alphabetical and attempts to divide the ideologies found in practical political life into a number of groups, with each group containing ideologies that are related to each other. Acting rightly thus requires being motivated by proper universal principles that treat everyone with respect. The findings reveal that psychologists tend to be less relativistic than physicians. Bouchard, T. J.; McGue, M. (2003). Utilitarianism holds that the amount of happiness and suffering created by a person’s actions is what really matters. The same word is sometimes used to identify both an ideology and one of its main ideas. To date, relatively little research has addressed this proposition in terms of business-related ethical issues. Eaves, L. J.; Eysenck, H. J. Acting rightly thus displays care for others and for the relationships of which they are a part. The popularity of an ideology is in part due to the influence of moral entrepreneurs, who sometimes act in their own interests. Political ideologies have two dimensions: (1) goals: how society should be organized; and (2) methods: the most appropriate way to achieve this goal. To care ethicists, relationships are fundamental to ethical thinking. 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